[Pharo-users] parameters of the virtual machine
bera.clement at gmail.com
Tue May 24 13:35:19 EDT 2016
Sorry the mail is quite long... I CC'd Nevena for section II, she used the
VM caches for type inference.
*Section I. VM parameters*
* 46 size of machine code zone, in bytes*
Well, the size of the machine code zone :-). To speed-up execution, the cog
uses internally a JIT compiler which translates to machine code frequently
used bytecoded method and run the machine code to execute them instead of
using the interpreter. The machine code zone is an executable memory zone
containing all the machine code versions of methods.
The default size should be between 1Mb and 2Mb for standard applications.
If memory is a constraint, it can be lowered down to 750kb, under that you
should use the stack VM else the performance starts to drastically decrease.
This setting is useful to tune your application performance. For example,
on compilation-intensive benchs, 750kb is the optimal machine code zone
size. On large benchmarks, 2 Mb, maybe more, is better, but then one may
see machine code garbage collection pauses. On small benchs all the methods
fit into this zone so it doesn't really matter.
Growing the machine code zone:
- increase the number of methods that can be present there, hence
decreasing machine code zone garbage collection frequency and method jit
- decrease the machine code zone to cpu instruction cache mapping
- slow down machine code zone garbage collection
To set the machine code zone you need to use another parameter (47 I think)
and restart the VM+image.
* 59 number of check event calls since startup (read-only)*
If I remember correctly, the number of times the VM has checked for OS
events since start-up.
* 60 number of stack page overflows since startup (read-only; Cog VMs
only) 61 number of stack page divorces since startup (read-only; Cog
This is related to stack page management. Read the Cog blog to understand
how it's done. See
section Stack pages.
*Section II. Accessing the caches*
*Is there a way to get access to the cache? How many caches does Cog has? I
guess it has - a method call cache (associating (object,symbol) ->
compiled method - a cache for the JIT-compiled methods right?*
*Are there other cache? How can I access them? In particular to query about
There is indeed a global look-up cache, mapping (receiver type, symbol) ->
(compiled method, primitive function pointer). In the jitted methods there
are per send-sites look-up caches, also known as inline caches.
The most useful is the inline cache values, they provide the receiver types
met for each send site and are fairly reliable. There are ways to access
those caches. I personally use those caches values for the runtime
optimizing compiler, but more recently I worked with Nevena Milojkovic (I
CC'd her) and she was able to use those cache values for type inference,
while she is not a VM expert. We wrote an IWST paper about that, hopefully
it'll get accepted and you will be able to read it. In the IWST paper I
sum-up Eliot's implementation of inline caches and how the VM provides the
In short, to access the caches:
1) add those primitives:
<primitive: 'primitiveAllMethodsCompiledToMachineCode' module:''>
<primitive: 'primitiveSistaMethodPICAndCounterData' module:''>
2) add glue code to map caches values from bytecode pc to the AST,
something like that:
| tmp1 |
tmp1 := self sendAndBranchData.
ifEmpty: [ 'No data' logCr.
^ self ast ];
do: [ :arg1 |
(self sourceNodeForPC: arg1 first)
put: arg1 allButFirst ].
^ self ast
3) Compile the VM with the SistaCogit and SistaVM=true (Slang compilation
I guess you could read our IWST paper, that would help. I don't know if
that's possible before the reviewers answer.
Don't build production tools using those values though, the VM is evolving
and the cache values may vary in the future with the sista optimizer.
On Tue, May 24, 2016 at 5:39 PM, Alexandre Bergel <alexandre.bergel at me.com>
> The Cog virtual machine expose some very useful parameters. However, some
> of them are a bit obscure to me. For example, what are the following
> parameters? What do they mean?
> 46 size of machine code zone, in bytes
> 59 number of check event calls since startup
> 60 number of stack page overflows since startup
> (read-only; Cog VMs only)
> 61 number of stack page divorces since startup
> (read-only; Cog VMs only)
> Is there a way to get access to the cache? How many caches does Cog has? I
> guess it has
> - a method call cache (associating (object,symbol) -> compiled
> - a cache for the JIT-compiled methods right?
> Are there other cache? How can I access them? In particular to query about
> their fill.
> Alexandre Bergel http://www.bergel.eu
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